In 1997, the Mekong River Commission completed a project to produce forest cover data on the Lower Mekong Basin. The project, launched by the Interim Mekong Committee in 1992, was followed
by another to update maps of land cover and wetlands across the basin. This second project was completed in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
in 2003. This new data set was aligned to the FAO's Land Cover Classification System (page xi). The information on wetlands, however, was out of date, being based on aggregated data from Member Countries between 1993 and 1997.
All Member Countries requested updates to these data sets, which are essential for sustainable resource management as well as being core data for monitoring and modelling. Almost all MRC programmes require updated data on land cover. Potential applications include fish production models (Fisheries Programme), development planning (Basin Development Plan Programme), wetlands monitoring and climate change scenarios (Environment Programme), and flood and land management (Flood Management and Mitigation Programme).
The Project to Update the Land Cover Map of the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) in 2010 was a core activity of the Information and Knowledge Management Programme (IKMP). Such updates can provide a significant amount of core geospatial data and information to support MRC programmes as well as National Mekong Committees and line agencies in terms of GIS analysis, mapping, modelling and decision-making in national and regional planning. The Finish fund has been used mainly for collecting land cover related dataset from the field data collection as well as purchase applicable high resolution satellite image in order to produce and update land cover dataset, develop land cover information catalogue where they are not already undertaken yet in the region, understand the land cover change processes in the Mekong basin, improved and strengthen technical capacity of the staffs from NMCs and LAs and also to update and improved MRC-IS through integrated the updated and useful Remote Sensing and GIS tools to develop tools into MRC-IS system.
from NMCs and LAs and also to update and improved MRC-IS through integrated the updated and useful Remote Sensing and GIS tools to develop tools into MRC-IS system.
To establish a baseline for producing an updated and qualified land cover dataset and catalogue for the basin, the National Mekong Committees and line agencies collected field data on land cover between October 2011 and February 2012. The main objectives were to collect, compile and provide accurate and reliable information to help interpret satellite imagery, conduct achievable accuracy assessments and establish a land cover information catalogue for the LMB.
The main project objective and outcomes are: the general objective is to provide qualify and update baseline dataset/information into national and regional planning, mapping and modeling activities to support better decision making, policy development, any future planning for MRC programmes and research institutes to ensure the sustainable management and development of the water resources within the Mekong river basin. The specific objectives are as follows:
Each member country is responsible for the field data collection and interprets the satellite image based on Land Cover expertise and capability training activities with the support and co-ordination of the MRC
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